A designer is someone who designs the shape or layout of something prior to it being manufactured, usually by preparing detailed drawings or models. In practical application, any person who designs tangible or intangible things, services, processes, systems, laws, aesthetics, games, computers, devices, or experiences could be called a designer. For example, a painter could be called a designer while an architect would be called a designer of buildings. A computer engineer would be called a designer of computer programs while a software engineer would be called a designer of software programs. Similarly, the phrase’s computer technician, computer operator, and software engineer could be used to describe people who design equipment or systems.
Other professionals commonly recognized as designers include artists, architects, and interior designers. The professional design industry employs many other professionals with various different types of skills. For instance, designers include typists, writers, art directors, graphic designers, and interior designers. In any case, the majority of designers work in the field of advertising, but some do their work in areas such as film production, television, and computer graphics design.
There are two major design schools in the United States. The Academy is the largest of these, and trains graduating students in all aspects of design work. The College of Design and Technology in San Francisco develops students for all aspects of technical illustration and visual communication. The Visual Communication and Interaction Institute trains students in technical as well as creative areas of illustration, computer aided design, and interaction. Designers work in a variety of fields, but their primary focus is on production, business, and interiors.